Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977)
Alice Paul dedicated her life to women’s rights and was a key figure in the push for the 19th Amendment. Born in Moorestown, New Jersey, Paul grew up a Quaker and attended Swarthmore College. She moved to England in 1906 and started pushing for women’s rights and was arrested several times. She returned to America in 1910 and continued her work. She became a leader in the suffragist movement forming the
National Women’s Party with Lucy Burns. In 1912, she earned a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in an attempt to change laws that affected women. Paul was one of the key voices behind the 19th Amendment where women won the right to vote in 1920. Not content, Paul continued to devote herself to additional women’s empowerment issues. In 1923, Paul introduced the first Equal Rights Amendment in Congress. She continued working for civil rights and fair employment.
In 1974, Paul suffered a debilitating stroke. Yet, she continued fighting for women’s rights. On July 9, 1977 one of the strongest voices for the empowerment of women was silenced, in Moorestown, New Jersey.