Earth Angel by The Penguins (Dootone, 1955)

Written by Jesse Belvin, Curtis Williams and Gaynell Hodge.

The Penguins, formed in 1954, comprises of Cleveland Duncan, Curtis Williams, Dexter Tisby and Bruce Tate, while the boys were attending Fremont High School in Los Angeles. In 1954, the Penguins signed with Dootone Records, an independent L.A. label. Their first single was to be the uptempo Hey Sinorita, with ballad Earth Angel as the B-side. However, an L.A. radio station DJ flipped the record and Earth Angel raced up to the top of the R&B charts (for three weeks) in early 1955 and peaked at number 8 on the pop charts.

Bruce Tate soon left the group and was replaced with Randolph Jones. The Penguins continued to record until they left Dootone in 1956, when they signed with Mercury. After a few sides, they moved over to Atlantic Records.Their second single Pledge of Love hit the R&B chart (#15), but failed to hit the pop chart, in the summer of 1957. They also released their only album, The Cool, Cool Penguins that year.

By 1959, the Penguins had returned to L.A. and broken up.